Behavioral Statistics Essentials

Author(s): Lawrence G Herringer

Edition: 1

Copyright: 2023

Pages: 202


Details: Print Product |

Are your psychology and social science students looking for a really detailed understanding of statistics? No? Do they want a deep dive into the theory and math behind common statistical methods? Neither do mine. The students I teach want a clear and direct explanation of when, why, and how different statistical techniques are used. Most of them see statistics as a necessary quantitative evil, but many of them can appreciate and understand behavioral statistics if they have a succinct, well-organized, and clear presentation. They want to understand the essentials.

            When I started teaching statistics almost four decades ago, I used a long, thorough quantitative textbook with lots of detail. This became increasingly counterproductive. Students were often discouraged by such a book and read and learned less than from a briefer, no-frills presentation that got to the point more quickly. It was difficult to find a book that covered statistics essentials accurately and conceptually. So, I developed my own materials to accomplish this—lecture outlines, handouts, examples—and those materials eventually became this book.

            If you are looking for a detailed, in-depth explanation of statistical topics and thorough discussions of related material, this is not the book for you. If you are looking for a formula-centered and  mathematically oriented book that explains how to calculate every statistic, this is not the book for you either. But, if you are looking for a book with compact, easily digestible chapters, that emphasizes conceptual understanding before computation, with the essentials of when, why, and how for common behavioral statistics techniques, then this IS your book!

             In a nutshell, I developed the material in this book over several decades teaching a lecture and lab course in undergraduate statistics. This material was shaped and refined by repeated feedback from students who said that it made statistics clear, understandable, and manageable for them. I have found this approach to be very successful. The book has five notable characteristics: (a) short, digestible chapters, often with a central example, that get directly to the point, (b) conceptual understanding before formulas; (c) focus on demystifying formulas and concepts; (d) practical emphasis on why a statistical method is used, when it is appropriate, and how it is applied; (e) key terms and questions to check understanding for each chapter, and a completely worked application problem for most chapters.

            I tell students “I would like you to become self-sufficient by the end of the course.” I want them to understand things enough to evaluate statistical information, decide what statistic is appropriate, and perform a specified statistical technique. I hope that the approach of the book facilitates this for your students as it has for mine.

About the Book 


About the Author 

Part I:     Descriptive and Basic Inferential Statistics 

Chapter 1     Basic Statistics Concepts 

Chapter 2     Measurement and Variables 

Chapter 3     Central Tendency 

Chapter 4     Graphs and Distribution Shape 

Chapter 5     Variability (Dispersion) 

Chapter 6     Standard Scores and the Normal Distribution 

Chapter 7     Probability and the Normal Distribution 

Chapter 8     Sampling Distributions and Standard Error 

Part II:     Basic Hypothesis Testing and Estimation 

Chapter 9     Statistical Hypothesis Testing 

Chapter 10     The t-Distribution and Degrees of Freedom (df) 

Chapter 11     Effect Size and Statistical Power 

Chapter 12        Comparing Two Groups: Independent and Dependent Samples t-Tests 

Part III:     Inferential Statistics for Group Differences and Relationships 

Chapter 13     The F -distribution and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) 

Chapter 14     Repeated-measures Analysis of Variance 

Chapter 15        Factorial ANOVA Designs—Two Independent   Variables in the Same Study 

Chapter 16     Correlation and Regression 

Chapter 17     Chi-Square 

Chapter 18     Role of Statistics in Behavioral Research 

List of Symbols and Formulas 

Statistical (Appendix) Tables 

Check Your Understanding—Selected Answers 


Lawrence G Herringer

For the past 35 years I have taught undergraduate and graduate statistics, graduate research methods, and personality theory and research at California State University, Chico. I earned my B.A. in Psychology in 1979 and my M.A. in 1981 from California State University, Los Angeles, and my Ph.D. in Social-Personality Psychology in 1987 from the University of California, Riverside.  Currently I am Professor Emeritus of Psychology at CSU Chico and teach undergraduate statistics. My wife, Dr. Terry Miller-Herringer, and I have three amazing grown sons and two wonderful grandchildren. If you have questions or comments, please contact me at I would love to hear from you!

Related ISBN's: 9781792465703, 9798765757857




ISBN 9781792465703

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