# Biomechanics of Human Movement & Sport

**Author(s):**
Danny
Too
,
Christopher
Williams

**Edition:
**
2

**Copyright:
**
2019

**Pages:
**
218

### Ebook

## $92.03

Whether participating in competitive athletics or recreationally, most of us will try to perform at our best. To do so, we will attempt to move our bodies with task-specific patterns to reach activity-related goals. For example, to perform a quick move and deceive an opponent, a specific pattern of acceleration of the body will be one such factor (of many) that will determine the success of the movement. As observers, we see this movement in the speed and direction (velocity) of the body.

** Biomechanics of Human Movement & Sport** presents a mechanical foundation for the analysis of human movement through the environment. It illustrates the mechanical relationships between factors from a qualitative and quantitative perspective. In this way, force and motion concepts can be investigated in isolation and from a global perspective.

It includes an introduction into the world of biomechanics, the fundamental tools of biomechanical modeling and discusses two forces – gravity and muscle. In addition, it presents the laws of motion, which encourage students to analyze the causal link between forces and motion.

The publication helps readers to visualize the physical world from a biomechanical perspective. It introduces examples in the physical world and then includes a graphical model.

Preface

**CHAPTER 1 Introduction **

Mechanical Kinesiology

Biomechanics

The Study of Biomechanics

Sports Biomechanics Research

General Areas of Biomechanical Applications

Instrumentation to Measure Biomechanical Quantities

Using Biomechanical Data—A Kinesiological Analysis

**CHAPTER 2 Biomechanical Tools **

Mechanical Representation of Space (The Environment)—2-D Coordinate Systems

Mechanical Representation of Physical Quantities—Vectors

Biomechanical Modeling—Graphical and Trigonometric Analysis of Vectors

Mechanical Representation of the Objects in the Physical World—Free-Body Diagrams

**CHAPTER 3 An Introduction to Forces: Gravity and Muscle Force **

Vector Properties of Gravity and Muscle Force

Newton’s Laws of Motion

**CHAPTER 4 Forces That Modify Motion: Friction **

Factors Affecting Friction

Modeling Friction

Application of Friction

**CHAPTER 5 Forces That Modify Motion: Fluid Forces **

Static Fluid Forces—Buoyancy

Dynamic Fluid Forces—Drag and Lift

**CHAPTER 6 Classifications of Motion **

Linear Motion

Angular Motion

General Motion

Factors That Determine the Kind of Motion

**CHAPTER 7 Kinematics of Linear Motion **

Position (s)

Instantaneous Kinematics

Relationship between Acceleration, Velocity, and Speed

Uniform Acceleration

**CHAPTER 8 Applied Linear Kinematics: The 100-Meter Dash **

Acceleration During Selected Phases of a 100-Meter Race

**CHAPTER 9 Applied Linear Kinematics: Projectile Motion **

The Force Phase

The Projectile Phase

**CHAPTER 10 Applications of Projectile Motion: Humans as Projectiles **

Applications of Humans as Projectiles

**CHAPTER 11 Linear Kinetics: Newton’s Laws of Motion **

Newton’s 1st Law—The Law of Inertia

Newton’s 2nd Law—The Law of Acceleration

Newton’s 3rd Law—The Law of Action-Reaction

**CHAPTER 12 Momentum**

Impulse-Momentum

**CHAPTER 13 Impacts **

The Conservation of Linear Momentum

Elasticity and the Coefficient of Restitution

**CHAPTER 14 Angular Kinematics **

Units of Measurement

Relative versus Absolute Angles

Average versus Instantaneous Angular Kinematics

Relationship between Angular Acceleration, Velocity, and Speed

The Relationship between Linear and Angular Motion

**CHAPTER 15 Angular Kinetics **

Torque

Newton’s Laws and Rotational Equivalents

Angular Momentum

Applications of Angular Momentum

**CHAPTER 16 Equilibrium and Stability **

Types of Equilibrium

Stability

Mechanical Principles of Stability

**CHAPTER 17 Work, Power, and Energy **

Work

Energy

**APPENDIX A Pressure and Pressure Gradients**

Applications

Pressure Gradients

Whether participating in competitive athletics or recreationally, most of us will try to perform at our best. To do so, we will attempt to move our bodies with task-specific patterns to reach activity-related goals. For example, to perform a quick move and deceive an opponent, a specific pattern of acceleration of the body will be one such factor (of many) that will determine the success of the movement. As observers, we see this movement in the speed and direction (velocity) of the body.

** Biomechanics of Human Movement & Sport** presents a mechanical foundation for the analysis of human movement through the environment. It illustrates the mechanical relationships between factors from a qualitative and quantitative perspective. In this way, force and motion concepts can be investigated in isolation and from a global perspective.

It includes an introduction into the world of biomechanics, the fundamental tools of biomechanical modeling and discusses two forces – gravity and muscle. In addition, it presents the laws of motion, which encourage students to analyze the causal link between forces and motion.

The publication helps readers to visualize the physical world from a biomechanical perspective. It introduces examples in the physical world and then includes a graphical model.

Preface

**CHAPTER 1 Introduction **

Mechanical Kinesiology

Biomechanics

The Study of Biomechanics

Sports Biomechanics Research

General Areas of Biomechanical Applications

Instrumentation to Measure Biomechanical Quantities

Using Biomechanical Data—A Kinesiological Analysis

**CHAPTER 2 Biomechanical Tools **

Mechanical Representation of Space (The Environment)—2-D Coordinate Systems

Mechanical Representation of Physical Quantities—Vectors

Biomechanical Modeling—Graphical and Trigonometric Analysis of Vectors

Mechanical Representation of the Objects in the Physical World—Free-Body Diagrams

**CHAPTER 3 An Introduction to Forces: Gravity and Muscle Force **

Vector Properties of Gravity and Muscle Force

Newton’s Laws of Motion

**CHAPTER 4 Forces That Modify Motion: Friction **

Factors Affecting Friction

Modeling Friction

Application of Friction

**CHAPTER 5 Forces That Modify Motion: Fluid Forces **

Static Fluid Forces—Buoyancy

Dynamic Fluid Forces—Drag and Lift

**CHAPTER 6 Classifications of Motion **

Linear Motion

Angular Motion

General Motion

Factors That Determine the Kind of Motion

**CHAPTER 7 Kinematics of Linear Motion **

Position (s)

Instantaneous Kinematics

Relationship between Acceleration, Velocity, and Speed

Uniform Acceleration

**CHAPTER 8 Applied Linear Kinematics: The 100-Meter Dash **

Acceleration During Selected Phases of a 100-Meter Race

**CHAPTER 9 Applied Linear Kinematics: Projectile Motion **

The Force Phase

The Projectile Phase

**CHAPTER 10 Applications of Projectile Motion: Humans as Projectiles **

Applications of Humans as Projectiles

**CHAPTER 11 Linear Kinetics: Newton’s Laws of Motion **

Newton’s 1st Law—The Law of Inertia

Newton’s 2nd Law—The Law of Acceleration

Newton’s 3rd Law—The Law of Action-Reaction

**CHAPTER 12 Momentum**

Impulse-Momentum

**CHAPTER 13 Impacts **

The Conservation of Linear Momentum

Elasticity and the Coefficient of Restitution

**CHAPTER 14 Angular Kinematics **

Units of Measurement

Relative versus Absolute Angles

Average versus Instantaneous Angular Kinematics

Relationship between Angular Acceleration, Velocity, and Speed

The Relationship between Linear and Angular Motion

**CHAPTER 15 Angular Kinetics **

Torque

Newton’s Laws and Rotational Equivalents

Angular Momentum

Applications of Angular Momentum

**CHAPTER 16 Equilibrium and Stability **

Types of Equilibrium

Stability

Mechanical Principles of Stability

**CHAPTER 17 Work, Power, and Energy **

Work

Energy

**APPENDIX A Pressure and Pressure Gradients**

Applications

Pressure Gradients