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Developmental Science: An Introductory Approach

Author(s): Yvette Harris, James Graham

Edition: 2

Copyright: 2018

Pages: 188

Details: Electronic Delivery EBOOK | 180 days |

Chapter 1: Introduction to Developmental Science and Theories of Developmental Science
Chapter Overview
Overview
Moment: A Centenarian’s Story
What Is Developmental Science?
Theories of Developmental Science
Developmental Moment: Jack and His Fort
Sigmund Freud’s Psychosexual Theory
Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory
John Bowlby’s Ethological Theory
Cognitive Theories
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development
Information Processing Theory
Vygotsky’s Theory of Cognitive Development
Learning Theories
John B. Watson
B. F. Skinner’s Operant Conditioning
Albert Bandura’s Social Cognitive Learning Theory
General Developmental Theories
Urie Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory of Human Development
Jeffery Arnett’s Theory of Emerging Adulthood
Evaluating Developmental Theories
Chapter Points in Review
What Is Developmental Science?
Theories of Developmental Science
Evaluating Developmental Science Theories
Terms
Suggestions for Additional Reading
Suggestions for Videos and Websites
Discussion Questions
Organization of This Book

Chapter 2: Research Methods
Chapter Overview
Overview
Legal Issues in Review: Children’s Eyewitness Testimony
The Scientific Method
General Research Methods
Research Designs
Quantitative Research Design
Qualitative Research Design
Applied Research Design
Mixed Methods Design
Correlational Research
Experimental Research
Developmental Research Designs
Cross-sectional Research Design
Longitudinal Research Design
Sequential Research Design
Microgenetic Research Design
Research Methods across the Lifespan
Infancy
Childhood
Adolescence
Adulthood
Chapter Summary
Major Issues in Developmental Science
The Scientific Method
Research Typologies
Research Methods across the Lifespan
Terms
Suggestions for Additional Reading
Website and Video Suggestions
Discussion Questions

Chapter 3: Prenatal Development
Chapter Overview
Overview
Prenatal Development
Developmental Moment: Two Mothers’ Stories on Being Pregnant
Stages of Prenatal Development
Medical Issues in Review: Neural Tube Defects
Influences on Prenatal Development
Maternal Health
Medical Issues in Review: The Importance of Prenatal Care
Maternal Drug Use
Paternal Influences on Prenatal Development
Medical Issues in Review: The Father Factor: How Dad’s Age
Increases Baby’s Risk of Mental Illness
Importance of the Prenatal Period for Later Good Health
Legal Issues in Review: Criminalizing Mothers Who
Abuse Drugs
Brain Development
Fetal Behavior, Sensation, and Learning
Birth
Labor and Stages of Birth
Chapter Points in Review
Prenatal Development
Influences on Prenatal Development
Brain Development
Fetal Behavior, Sensation, and Learning
Birth
Birth Complications
Terms
Suggestions for Additional Reading
Website and Video Suggestions
Discussion Questions

Chapter 4: Infancy and Toddlerhood
Chapter Overview
Overview
Developmental Moment: A Father’s Perspective on His Newborn Son
Sleeping through the Night
Physical Development
Sensory Abilities
Medical Issues in Review: Blind Babies
Program of Florida
Motor Development
Gross and Fine Motor Development
Brain Development
Cognitive Development
Developmental Moment: A Father’s Recollection of His Infant
Daughter’s Memory
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development: The Sensorimotor
Stage (Period)
Information Processing
Language Development
Developmental Moment: A Mother’s Perspective on Her Daughter’s
Language Skills
Social Development
Legal Issues in Review: Adoption and Attachment
Measuring the Attachment Relationship
Criticisms of Attachment Research
Mental Health Issues
Chapter Points in Review
Physical Development
Cognitive Development
Social Development
Mental Health Issues
Terms
Suggestions for Additional Reading
Website and Video Suggestions
Discussion Questions

Chapter 5: The Preschool Period
Chapter Overview
Overview
Developmental Moment: If Your Preschooler Does Not Want to Go to School
Physical Growth and Development
Motor Development
Health Issues
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Medical Issues in Review: Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS
Medical Issues in Review: Combating Obesity in Preschool Children
Brain Development
Cognitive Development
Piaget’s Preoperational Stage of Cognitive Development
Information Processing
Vygotsky
Developmental Moment: Mother and Her Four-Year-Old Playing
a Board Game
Language Development
Social Development
Parenting Behaviors
Peers
Play
Gender Role Development
Developmental Moment “I’m not a little girl today.”
Parental Influences
Moral Development
Mental Health Issues
Medical Issues in Review: Preschoolers Expelled from Child Care Settings
Chapter Points in Review
Physical Growth and Development
Cognitive Development
Social Development
Mental Health Issues
Terms
Suggestions for Additional Reading
Website and Video Suggestions
Discussion Questions

Chapter 6: School Age
Chapter Overview
Overview
Physical Development
Brain Development
Physical Competencies
Health Issues
Medical Issues in Review: Should Kids Be Warned about the Dangers of Obesity?
Cognitive Development
Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory
Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory
Information Processing
Developmental Moment: iPads in the Classroom
Social Development
Moral Development
Family
Peers
Medical Issues in Review: Lessons from a Depressed Childhood
Mental Health Issues
Learning Disabilities
Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
Chapter Summary
Physical Development
Cognitive Development
Social Development
Mental Health Issues
Terms
Suggestions for Additional Reading
Website and Video Suggestions
Discussion Questions
Chapter 7: Adolescence
Chapter Overview
Overview
Physical Development
Physical Competencies
Health Issues
Cognitive Development
Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory
Information Processing
Intelligence
Social Development
Moral Development

Chapter 8: Adulthood
Chapter Overview
Overview
Theories of Primary Aging
Physical Changes
Sensory Capacities
Sexual Behavior
Health Issues
Cognitive Issues
Postformal Thought
Information Processing
Intelligence
Medical Issues in Review: An Epidemic of Crashes among the Aging? Unlikely, Study Says
Social Issues
Erikson’s Theory (Stages 6–8)
Levinson’s Season’s of Life Theory
Adult Partnerships and Roles
Mental Health Issues
Stress
Substance Abuse
Medical Issues in Review—Understanding the Epidemic—Drug Overdose and Opioid Involved Deaths Continue to Increase in the United States
Depression, Anxiety, and Suicide
Dementia
Medical Issues in Review: Alcohol and Age—Depending on Your Health, Drinking Has the Potential to be a Health Benefit or a Life-Threatening Hazard
Chapter Summary
Physical Development
Cognitive Development
Social Development
Mental Health Issues
Terms
Suggestions for Additional Reading
Website and Video Suggestions
Discussion Questions
Family
Peers
Mental Health Issues
Depression and Suicide
Juvenile Delinquency
Chapter Summary
Physical Development
Cognitive Development
Social Development
Mental Health Issues
Terms
Suggestions for Additional Reading
Website and Video Suggestions
Discussion Questions
Chapter 9: Charting the Course for Developmental Science In the 21st Century and Beyond
Chapter Overview
Overview
Developmental Moment: President Obama Approves Stem Cell Research
Turning Developmental Science Research into Practice and Policy
Research Foci of Developmental Science as a Discipline in the 21st Century and Beyond
Build New Theoretical Models and Develop New Research Approaches
Conduct Community-Based Research
Increase Our Dissemination of Research Directly to the Public
Increase in Interdisciplinary Research
Specific Research Issues for the 21st Century and Beyond
Prenatal Development
Brain Development and Neuroscience
Health Issues
Cognitive Development
Social Development
Getting Involved in Developmental Science Research as a Student
Participate in Research
Conduct Your Own Research
Join a Developmental Science Research Organization
Join a Service Learning Community
Seek Out Internships and Summer Camps
Pursue a Graduate Degree in Developmental Science
Terms
Suggestions for Additional Readings and Video Suggestions
Developmental Science
Resources and Websites
Graduate School Resources
Professional Organization Websites
References

Yvette Harris

YVETTE R. HARRIS, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, received her doctorate in psychology from the University of Florida with a specialization in cognitive development. Her scholarly work for the past 29 years has focused on exploring the environmental correlates of preschool and school-age cognitive development, with specific attention on examining the teaching/ learning interactions of African American mothers and their preschool children and school-age children. More recently, her work has taken on an applied emphasis and examines family stabilization as mothers’ re-enter from prison. Her work has appeared in a variety of national and internal journals including European Journal of Developmental Psychology, Journal of Early Childhood Research, Developmental Psychology, and the Journal of Genetic Psychology, she has presented her work at both national and international conferences and appeared on NPR, blackamericaweb.com and Sunday Mornings with Rodney Lear. She is a coauthor of several books including the African American Child Development and Challenges, Children of African Origin, and Children of Incarcerated Parents, Theoretical, Developmental and Clinical Issues. Her work has been funded by the National Science Foundation, Proctor and Gamble, Miami University, and the Harvard/ Radcliffe Murray Research Center. She currently serves as coordinator of the Brain, Cognitive and Developmental area at Miami University and is an associate editor for Frontiers in Developmental Psychology.

James Graham

JAMES A. GRAHAM, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology at The College of New Jersey (TCNJ) received a B.A. in psychology from Miami University and completed graduate studies at the University of Memphis where he earned masters and doctoral degrees in developmental psychology. His scholarly work addresses the social-cognitive aspects of relationships between the group and dyadic levels across early, middle, and late childhood in community-based settings. Three interdependent dimensions of his research program examine (1) populations that are typically understudied, conceptually limited, and methodologically constrained; (2) children’s development of empathy and prosocial behavior with peer groups and friends; (3) developmental science in the context of community-engaged research partnerships. Dr. Graham is co-author or co-editor of several books including, The African American Child: Development and Challenges, and Children of Incarcerated Parents: Theoretical, Developmental, and Clinical Issues. He has presented his work at a variety of international and national conferences and has published articles in professional journals such as Social Development, Child Study Journal, Behavior Modification, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, Journal of College Student Development, and American Journal of Evaluation. Currently, he is the Coordinator of the Developmental Specialization in Psychology at TCNJ. For the ten years, Dr. Graham taught graduate courses in psychology and education in Johannesburg, South Africa through TCNJ’s Graduate Global Program. He is actively involved in several community agencies, such as the Children’s Home Society of New Jersey, Kidsbridge Center, Camp Fire NJ, Head Start, and the Trenton Education Dance Institute.

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