Fundamentals of Music: A Modern Approach

Author(s): Richard N Kahn

Edition: 2

Copyright: 2018

Details: KHPContent | 180 days |

Fundamentals of Music: A Modern Approach is the perfect introductory music workbook for high school and college students 

Fundamentals of Music: A Modern Approach delivers a fresh, comprehensive and comprehensible approach to music fundamentals by featuring fourteen detailed chapters, innovative tools, activities, worksheets, index and glossary.

By infusing musical content with his rich experience in the popular, jazz, and commercial music industry, Richard N. Kahn effectively bridges the divide between classical music pedagogy and jazz and commercial techniques. In this way, Fundamentals of Music: A Modern Approach provides even-handed coverage of a wide variety of musical styles, from Medieval to Motown.

Fundamentals of Music: A Modern Approach includes original tools for studying, memorizing, and practicing at and away from the keyboard:

  • Skills Worksheets
  • Group Activities
  • Chord Visualizer Tools
  • Detachable Flashcards

Sheet Music and Notation
The Elements and Nature of Sound
Consonance and Dissonance in Sound
Music: Sound in Time
Reading Exercises
Written Exercises
Listening Exercises
Applied Keyboard Exercises
How to Practice and Have Fun at the Same Time
One Possible Activity Tree
Solfeggio, Moveable "Do," and the Numerics of Melody
Using Worksheets
Written and Performance Exams

Chapter One: Notating Rhythm
Key Terms and Concepts

The Vocabulary of Western Music
Traditional, Commercial, Latin and Jazz
Beats and Tempo: "Where's "the Beat?"
of Beats
Measures and Bar Lines
Primary Beats, Secondary Beats and Subdivisions
Slash Notation

Symbols for Durations of Sound
Components of a Note
The Staff
Stem Directions
Notes: Symbols for Durations of Sound
Proper Notation of Sounds (Notes)
Labeling and Counting Rhythms
Duplets, Triplets and Quadruplets

Ties and Tied Notes
Dotted Notes and Ties
Comparison of Dotted Notes to Tied Notes
Slurs and Slurred Notes
Symbols for Durations of Silence
Proper Notation of Silence (Rests)
Lengths of Sound and Equivalent Lengths of Silence
Dotted Rests
Multimeasure Rests

The Notation of Rhythm
Time Signatures (Meter)
What Note Duration Gets "the Beat?"

Simple Time Signatures
Simple Meter
Compound Time Signatures
Duple-Triple, Triple- Triple, Quadruple-Triple
Counting Beats and Subdivisions in Compound Time
Double Bar and Final Double Bar

Group Activities
Worksheet 1-1 Time Signatures, Stem Directions, Ties and Note Lengths
Worksheet 1-2 Rhythmic Notation

Chapter Two: Notating Pitch
Key Terms and Concepts
The Staff: Tool Number One

Staff, Staves
Slash, Rhythm and Standard Notations, and One Bar Repeats

Pitch: High and Low Sounds

Leger Lines
Extending the Staff
Ledger Lines, Octava, Octava Basso, and 15ma
The Treble Clef (G Clef)
The Bass Clef (F Clef)
Movable Clefs
The Grand Staff
Split Point
Group Activities
Worksheet 2-1 Pitch Notation

Chapter Three: The Keyboard
Key Terms and Concepts

Western Music: The System of Whole and Half Steps
The Piano Keyboard: Tool Number Two
Half Steps and Whole Steps
Accidentals: Alterations of the Letter Names
The Sharp, Flat, Natural, Double Sharp and Double Flat
Half Steps and Whole Steps
Diatonic and Chromatic Spellings
Enharmonic Equivalents

Group Activities
Worksheet 3-1 Definitions, Multiple Choice
Worksheet 3-2 Chromatic and Diatonic Half and Whole Steps

Chapter Four: Form and Rhythm School, Part One
Key Terms and Concepts

Form in Music

Repeated Sections and Repeats
First and Second Endings
Segnos and Codas

Conducting Patterns
Compound Meter Conducting Patterns
Irregular (Assymetric) Patterns with Five Beats and Seven Beats

Using Your Hands and Feet
Group Activities
Worksheet 4-1 Definitions: Form and Conducting
Worksheet 4-2 Rhythmic Analysis and Performance

Chapter Five: Major Scales and Key Centers
Key Terms and Concepts

The Overtone Series
V-I and the Establishment of Tertian Harmony
Formula for All Perfect Authentic Major Scales
WWHWWWH in 15 keys, including enharmonic keys
Diatonic Scales Degrees

Major Scales
Circle of Descending Fifths: Tool Number Three
Sharps and Flats
Major Key Signatures
Transposition: the Act of Changing Key Centers Tetrachords
Group Activities
Worksheet 5-1 Notating Pitches
Worksheet 5-2 Drawing Major Key Signatures
Worksheet 5-3 Definitions, Multiple Choice

Chapter Six: Rhythm School, Part Two
Key Terms and Concepts

The Anacrusis, or "Pickup Note"
Beat One and the Middle of the Measure
Swing, Shuffle and Straight Eighth Notes
Basic Tumbao Pattern
Tumbao Bass Pattern

Group Activities
Worksheet 6-1 Rhythm Exercises, Syncopation, and Coordinated Skills
Worksheet 6-2 Rhythm Exercises for Jazz

Chapter Seven: Intervals
Key Terms and Concepts

Types of Intervals
Melodic versus Harmonic Intervals
Qualities of Intervals
Major, Minor, Diminished and Augmented Intervals
Diatonic Intervals

P1, M2, M3, P4, P5, M6, M7, P8
Intervals by Number Size
Simple and Compound Intervals

Constructing Intervals by Half and Whole Step
Constructing Intervals Upward
Constructing Intervals Downward
Method by Identification and Alteration
Method by Counting by Whole and Half Steps
Method by Interval Inversion

Interval Inversion
Interval Hierarchy: Consonant to Dissonant
Group Activities
Worksheet 7-1 Analyze and Label Intervals
Worksheet 7-2 Constructing Intervals Up and Down
Worksheet 7-3 Intervals On the Keyboard

Chapter Eight: Triads
Key Terms and Concepts

The Basics of Triads
Harmony and Triads
Determining the Root
First and Second Inversions
Closed and Open Position

Triads and Their Qualities
Major, Minor, Diminished, Augmented Triads
Using Key Signatures to Determine Triad Quality
Primary Triads
Primary Triads in 12 Keys
Root Movement by Descending P5
#iv - vii - iii - vi - ii - V - I
The Cadence
Authentic Cadence
Half Cadence
Plagal Cadence

The ii - V - I Progression
Diatonic ii - V-I in 12 Keys
Chord Quality Grids
Forming Chord Quality Grids
Group Activities
Worksheet 8-1 Triads and Inversions
Worksheet 8-2 Chord Quality Grids: Triads
Worksheet 8-3 The ii - V - I Progression, Roots
Worksheet 8-4 The ii - V - I Progression in Major, Chords

Chapter Nine: Minor Scales and Key Centers
Key Terms and Concepts

The Minor Scale
Natural Minor Scales and Key Signatures
The Minor Circle of Fifths
Relative Keys
Parallel Keys
Relative Minor Scales and Keys
Parallel Minor Scales and Keys

Minor Scale Forms
Natural Minor
Harmonic Minor
Melodic Minor
Minor Scale Forms, Ascending

Diatonic Minor Triads
Triads and Musical Styles
Diatonic Scale Degree Triads in Minor
Diatonic ii - V-I in Minor
Group Activities
Worksheet 9-1 Constructing Minor Scale Forms, Ascending
Worksheet 9-2 Parallel Minor Scales
Worksheet 9-3 Major and Minor Circle of Fifths
Worksheet 9-4 Roots and Qualities of the Minor ii - V - i Progression

Chapter Ten: Seventh Chords
Key Terms and Concepts

Four Note Chords
Add 9 chords and Add 6 chords
Seventh Chords
Major Seventh Chords (M-M)
Dominant Seventh Chord (M-m)
Minor Seventh Chord (m-m)
Half-Diminished Chord (d-m)
Diminished Seventh Chord (d-d)

Inversions of Seventh Chords
Root Position, First Inversion, Second Inversion and Third Inversion
Chord Symbol Conversion Chart

Group Activities
Worksheet 10-1 Seventh Chord Names and Qualities
Worksheet 10-2 Identifying Seventh Chords
Worksheet 10-3 Notating Seventh Chords
Worksheet 10-4 Seventh Chord Grids
Worksheet 10-5 Triads With a V7 - I and V7 - i Cadence
Worksheet 10-6 ii - V - I: Major Keys, Three Part Voicing Exercise

Chapter Eleven: Form and Tonality
Key Terms and Concepts

Functional Harmony
Central Pitch Reference
Predominant Functions
Dominant Functions
Melodic Tendency
Stable Pitches and Active Pitches

Tonic Functions
Constructing Phrases
Extending Lengths of Phrases
Rhythmic and Melodic Motifs: a, a', b, b', c', c'

Techniques for Extending Lengths of Phrases
Augmentation, Counterpoint, Diminution, Homophony, Imitation, Inversion, Repetition, Retrograde, Retrograde Inversion, Sequence
Song Forms
Strophic Form
Verse Chorus (VC or AB)
Verse-Chorus-Verse (VCV or ABA)
Verse- Verse-Chorus-Verse (VVCV or AABA)

Group Activities
Worksheet 11-1 Terms and Definitions, Form

Chapter Twelve: Other Scales, Keys and Modes
Key Terms and Concepts

Church Modes
Ionian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian and Locrian Modes Key Signatures
Example: The First Noel
"The First Noel" in Different Modes
Determining Key Signature in Different Modes
Characteristic Cadential Formulations
Other Modes and Scales
Chromatic, Whole-Tone, Diminished and Augmented Scale
The Major and Minor Pentatonic Scale
The Blues Scale
Blues on Tonic
Blues on the Sixth Scale Degree
Seven Note Blues Scale
Nine Note Blues Scale

Bebop Scales
Bebop Dominant, Bebop Dorian, Bebop Major, Bebop Melodic Minor and Bebop Harmonic Minor
Even More Scales and Modes
Phraygish and Spanish Phrygian
Twelve-Tone Rows
Original, Inversion, Retrograde and Retrograde Inversion
Group Activities
Worksheet 12-1 Terminology: Other Scales, Keys and Modes
Worksheet 12-2 Modes of the Major Scale
Worksheet 12-3 Church Modes
Worksheet 12-4 Twelve Tone Rows

Chapter Thirteen: Blues and the Pentatonic Scale
Key Terms and Concepts

Blues As a Form
12 Bar Progression
Turnaround Progression

What is Blues?
Features regular meter, improvisation, distinctive instruments and perfomance techniques and swing rhythms
Developmental and Interactive Storyline
Rhythm Section and Solo Voicers)

Traditional Harmonic Movement With Nontraditional Chord Qualities
Root Progressions and Tonal Harmony
Nontraditional Usages of Seventh Chords
Five Most Common Blues Progressions

A Brief History of Improvisation
What is Jazz?

Ragtime, Classic Jazz (New Orleans Jazz), Dixieland, Hot Jazz, Chicago Style, Swing, Kansas City Style, Gypsy Jazz, Bebop, Vocalese, Mainstream, Cool, West Coast Jazz
Group Activities
Worksheet 13-1 Blues Progression in F
Worksheet 13-2 Rhythm Exercises with Typical Jazz Articulations
Worksheet 13-3 F Blues ,Walking Bassline and Right Hand Comp Pattern
Worksheet 13-4 Terminology: Blues and Jazz

Chapter Fourteen: Commercial Music Chord Symbols
Key Terms and Concepts

The Necessary Members of a Chord
Triad and Seventh Chords
Voicing a Seventh Chord
R-3-7, R-7-3, and R-7-4
Root Range
Structural Harmony

Naming Seventh Chords With Extensions
Root, Suffix and Extensions
Nondiatonic or Altered Extensions

Chord Symbol Conversion Chart
Seventh Chord Root Movement and Chord Progressions
Root Movement by Step or Half Step (Linear)
Root Movement by Descending Perfect 5th (Circular)

Pairing of Seventh Chords
Minor Seventh or Half Diminished Chord, Followed by a Dominant Seventh Chord
Common Root Movement Progressions
Group Activities
Worksheet 14-1 Labeling Seventh Chords With Extensions
Worksheet 14-2 Constructing Root Progressions: ii - V - I and I - IV - V
Worksheet 14-3 Voicing in Structural Harmony: the ii - V - I
Worksheet 14-4 Linear Movement With Seventh Chords

Appendix A: Glossary of Music Terms
Appendix B: Music Performance Terms
Tempo Terms
Change-of-Tempo Terms
Dynamic Terms
Other Music Terms
Voice Types
Instruments of the Orchestra

Appendix C: Practice Tool: The Activity Tree
Appendix D: Daily Practice Routine for the Aspiring Pianist
Appendix E: Flashcards
Appendix F: Triad Visualizer Tool
Appendix G: Seventh Chord Visualizer Tool


Richard N Kahn

For over 25 years, pianist, arranger and composer Richard Kahn has performed his unique arrangements of jazz, Latin jazz and popular music. As a solo pianist, he has been booked in virtually every live public venue in Los Angeles. He has performed for the Emperor of Japan, the Sultan of Brunei, the Prime Minister of Israel, the President of the Philippines, the Prime Minister of Romania, and countless officials of the United States government. He has entertained at the homes and affairs of hundreds of film and television industry figures, as well as significant contributors in the worlds of art, music, theater, dance and sports.

Richard Kahn joined the Music faculty at the Los Angeles Valley College in Fall 2000, where he is a tenured Professor of Music. Prior to that, he served on the faculty of the California State University at Los Angeles from 1992 to 2000. He holds a Bachelors Degree in Classical Piano Performance from Washburn University, a Masters Degree in Jazz Studies and Arranging from CSULA, with graduate studies at the University of North Texas in Jazz Performance, Arranging and Music Technology. An Apple Award winner, he has been recognized with a Los Angeles Community College District nomination for Excellence in Workforce Development, in the category of Innovative Integration of Academic and Technical Skills.

Richard Kahn is the creator or co-creator of these music courses:
Fundamentals of Music
Music As a Business
Jazz Appreciation
Introduction to Electronic Music
Commercial Harmony II
Music Copying and Notation
Jazz Improvisation
Film Scoring
Jazz Ensemble
Jazz Combo

Richard Kahn is the creater of these Certificates and Degrees:
Associate of Arts Degree in Commercial Music
Certificate of Achievement in Jazz Studies
Certificate of Achievement in Music Arranging
Certificate of Achievement in Music Notation
Certificate of Achievement in Music Technology
Certificate of Achievement in Songwriting

Related ISBN's: 9781792485787




ISBN 9781792485787

Details KHPContent 180 days