International Relations: Introductory Readings

Author(s): Edward Rhodes, Jonathan M Dicicco, Dalia Fahmy

Edition: 1

Copyright: 1992

Pages: 350

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International Relations explores the basic concepts of international politics and investigates the causes of war. The selections in this anthology are drawn from major theoretical writings on international relations and offer sophisticated explanations of the forces and factors that shape the behavior of states in the international system. Among the topics covered are the nature of anarchy, power, the state, the international system, and international society. The discussion of the causes of war considers the impact of security dilemmas, balance of power, hegemonic stability, domestic politics, bureaucratic politics, human aggressiveness, and human cognition.

This book offers students an accessible introduction to the central principles of international politics and provides a theoretical grounding for further study or research.



1: Making States, From Blood and Debt: War and the Nation-State in Latin America

by Miguel Angel Centeno (Penn State University Press, 2002), pp. 101–109.

2: The Nation, “A Nation is a Nation, is a State, is an Ethnic Group, is a ...,” by Walker

Connor in Ethnic and Racial Studies Volume 1, number 4 (1978), pp. 379–388.

3: The Development of Nations, “When is a Nation?”, by Walker Connor,

Ethnic and Racial Studies Volume 13, number 1 (1990), pp. 92–100.

4: Anarchy, From Theory of International Politics Kenneth N. Waltz

(New York: Random House, 1979), pp. 102–114.

5: Power, From Bound to Lead: The Changing Nature of American Power

by Joseph S. Nye (New York: Basic Books, 1990), pp. 25–34.

6: Coercion, From Arms and Influence by Thomas C. Schelling

(New Haven: Yale University Press, 1966), pp. 2–11.

7: International Systems and Societies, From The Anarchical Society

by Hedley Bull (New York: Columbia University Press, 1977), pp. 8–11, 12–20.

8: Anarchical Society, From The Anarchical Society by Hedley Bull

(New York: Columbia University Press, 1977), pp. 24–27, 40–52, 65–74.

9: International Regimes, From After Hegemony by Robert O. Keohane,

(Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984), pp. 51–55, 56–57, 58–59, 61–63.

10: International Law, From The Anarchical Society by Hedley Bull

(New York: Columbia University Press, 1977), pp. 129–130, 136–145.

11: Complex Interdependence, From Power and Interdependence, Second Edition

by Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye (Glenview, Illinois: Scott, Foresman and

Co., 1989), pp. 3–4, 8–10, 23–37.

12: A Realist Theory of International Politics, From Hans J. Morgenthau and

the Ethics of American Statecraft by Greg Russell (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State

University Press, 1990), pp. 96–101, 103–108.

13: Realism, From The History of Thucydides, Volume II by Thucydides

(Jowett translation), (New York: Tandy-Thomas, 1909), Melian Dialogue.

14: Just and Unjust Wars, From Just and Unjust Wars by Michael Walzer

(New York: Basic Books, 1977), pp. 3–11, 15–16, 21, 327.

15: Just War Theory, From Can Modern War Be Just? by James Turner Johnson

(New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984), pp. 1–2, 3–5, 12–16, 18–19, 25–29.



16: The Security Dilemma, “Cooperation Under the Security Dilemma,”

by Robert Jervis, in World Politics Volume 30, number 2 (1978), pp. 167–174,

170–180, 182–192, 194–214.

17: The Balance of Power, From Europe’s Classical Balance of Power

by Edward Vose Gulick (New York: Norton, 1955), pp. 30–31, 33–34, 35–37,

52, 53–55, 58–79, 89–91.

18: Conflict and Cooperation in the Absence of Hegemony, From After

Hegemony by Robert O. Keohane (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984),

pp. 243–247, 257–259.

19: Marxist and Liberal Explanations, From Defending the National Interest

by Stephen D. Krasner (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978), pp. 20–29.

20: Domestic Factors, “Domestic Politics and War,” by Jack S. Levy in the Journal of

Interdisciplinary History, Volume 18, number 4 (1988), pp. 657–670.

21: Ethnic Nationalism and International Conflict, “Ethnic Nationalism and

International Conflict: The Case of Serbia,” by V. P. Gagnon in International

Security Volume 19, number 3 (1994–95), pp. 130–140, 164–166.

22: The Democratic Peace, “Theories of Interstate and Intrastate War: A Levels of

Analysis Approach,” by Jack S. Levy in Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson,

and Pamela Aall, eds., Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing

International Conflict (Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace

Press, 2001), pp. 13–15, 24–25.

23: An Evolutionary Explanation of Human Aggression, “So Why Do People Fight?

Evolutionary Theory and the Causes of War,” by Azar Gat in the European

Journal of International Relations Volume 15, number 4 (2009), pp. 571, 573–599.

24: Cognition and Stress, From Between Peace and War by Richard Ned Lebow

(Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981), pp. 101–119.



25: Toward Collective Security? “Reinventing Collective Security after the Cold War

and Gulf Conflict,” by Andrew Bennett and Joseph Lepgold in Political Science

Quarterly Volume 108, number 2 (1993), pp. 213–222, 233.

26: Technology, Knowledge, and the Unraveling of the Institutions of International

Relations, by Edward Rhodes (2016).

27: Toward Transgovernmental Networks, From A New World Order

by Anne-Marie Slaughter (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2004),

pp. 1–13, 15–27, 33–35, 273–275.

28: The Meaning of Xs and Ys: Social Construction, Gender, and Global Security,

“The Meaning of Xs and Ys: Social Construction, Gender, and Global Security”

by Edward Rhodes (2010).

29: Causes of Terrorism, “The Causes of Terrorism” by Martha Crenshaw in

Comparative Politics Volume 13, number 4 (1981), pp. 379–390, 392–399.

30: Identity, Domestic Security, and the Future of the Nation-State, “Non-State

Armed Actors, New Imagined Communities, and Shifting Patterns of Sovereignty and

Insecurity in the Modern World,” by Diane E. Davis in Contemporary Security Policy

Volume 30 number 2 (2009), pp. 221–234, 238–245.

31: The State, Private Military Companies, and the Just War Tradition,

From Outsourcing War: The Just War Tradition in the Age of Military Privatization

by Amy E. Eckert (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2016), pp. 42–62.



32: Thinking Theoretically, From Thinking Theory Thoroughly by James N. Rosenau

and Mary Durfee (Boulder: Westview, 1995), pp. 1–7.

33: Learning from History as a Social Scientist, “Conflict Research, the Security

Dilemma, and Learning from History” by J. David Singer in William Zimmerman

and Harold K. Jacobson, eds., Behavior, Culture, and Conflict in World Politics

(Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1993), pp. 79–85, 97.

34: How Do We Know What We Know? “How Do We Know What We Know?”

by Roy Licklider (1994).

Edward Rhodes

Edward Rhodes is professor of government and international affairs at George Mason University’s Schar School of Policy and Government. Rhodes has written widely on problems of international security, American foreign policy, and American defense policy. He has served on the academic advisory committee to the Department of State overseeing the declassification and publication of the official record of American foreign relations; on Department of State and Department of Commerce promotion boards; and as a member of the “Strategy and Concepts” branch of the U.S. Navy staff. Rhodes has held visiting appointments at Princeton, Harvard, Stanford, and Cornell, and lectured at universities in Europe, Asia, and Latin America.

Jonathan M Dicicco

Jonathan M. DiCicco is associate professor of political science and international relations at Middle Tennessee State University, where he teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in IR. He specializes in international and national security, international conflict and its resolution, and the politics of protest, and he supervises a Model United Nations program. As a research scholar, DiCicco has published peer-reviewed articles on international rivalries, power transitions and war, international organization and war prevention, and U.S. foreign policy decision-making in journals such as International Studies Quarterly, the Journal of Conflict Resolution, and Political Research Quarterly, and he has published in International Studies Perspectives on the use of innovative simulations for undergraduate teaching.

Dalia Fahmy

Dalia F. Fahmy is assistant professor of political science at Long Island University where she teaches courses on U.S. Foreign Policy, World Politics, International Relations, Causes of War, and Politics of the Middle East. She is also Senior Fellow at the Center for Global Policy in Washington, D.C. Fahmy’s current research looks at the changing role of Islamists in the democratic future of the Middle East. Fahmy has published several articles in academic journals focusing on democratization and the effects of Islamophobia on U.S. foreign policy. She has been interviewed by and written editorials in various media outlets including ABC, CNBC, CNN, MSNBC, and The Huffington Post, and appears often on Aljazeera. Dr. Fahmy has won several academic awards and fellowships for her research, including the prestigious Kleigman Prize in Political Science in 2014, and the Newton Prize for excellence in teaching in 2016.

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ISBN 9781524910839

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