This book approaches sociology from a critical, transhistorical, and transnational perspective. It introduces sociology as public discourse to shed light on the multiple factors and forces that have shaped human societies from the premodern to the postmodern world. While offering a history of the development of sociology and its theoretical approaches to various issues, this books introduces these ideas and frameworks in light of the pedagogical hope that the central audience of sociology as public philosophy must shift from academics to the critically conscious public whose vernacular of the everyday life or the lifeworld is informed by critiques of the structures of power and their consequences on marginalized peoples across of the world. Although the authors adopt a multi-perspectival and intersectional approach in investigating social issues and phenomena, they place a premium on the critical perspectives with a focus on the intersections of local, regional, and global factors and relations. The book introduces the reader to different sociological perspectives that view social reality as contested, contextual, ever-changing, and value-laden, while at the same time universal and global.
This book will offer the reader a lucid lesson in the global sociological imagination by enabling the reader to develop a keen awareness of the fact that individual actions, seemingly inconsequential, do have ramifications for others, rippling far beyond their immediate social, economic, political, and cultural positions in local, regional, national, and global contexts.
The authors’ primary purpose is to explore the relationships between individuals and the larger societal structures to which they belong by critically examining how people relate to and shape and are shaped by the structures of power. They examine a variety of theoretical approaches to these relationships and explore the practical implications of each approach in light of a sustained critique of concepts such as “race”, ethnicity, class, power, globalization, and sexual orientation from critical theoretical standpoints.
The basic objectives of the book are to introduce the reader to the social, cultural, political, and historical conditions under which structural hierarchies and conflicts such as racism, classism, and heterosexism emerged; the institutions through which structural boundaries and hierarchies are produced and reproduced in Canada and in other cultural settings; and the roles of human agency, the activities of individuals and collectives, in effecting change in this country and globally through analysis of the connections between personal experiences, actions, and inactions (between biographies and the larger society).
The authors introduce students to critical thinking by inviting them to link their biographies to marginalized peoples through critical and interrogative explorations of local and global relations and structures of power.
The authors offer critical and intersectional approaches to various issues, concepts, theories, and ideas such as the state, residential schools, hegemony, pedagogy, racialization, post-industrialism, feminism, neo-liberalism, modernity, postmodernity, genocide, surveillance, etc.
This book enables the reader to develop holistic and comprehensive understandings of how economic, social, historical, and cultural structures and relations influence them and others as members of different social categories, both similarly and differently, due to the intersections of factors such as “race”, social class, gender, sex, sexuality, political ideology, ethnicity, ability, and age.
Chapter 1 Introducing the Book and Critical Sociology
Chapter 2 Sociology, Sociological Theories, Controversies, and Debates
Chapter 3 From Pre-modernity to Modernity
Chapter 4 Modernity and the Birth of Sociology
Chapter 5 Modernity, Historical Epochs, Nation-States, and Construction of Identity
Chapter 6 Industrialization, Political Revolutions, Urbanization, Capitalism,
Militarization, and Modernity
Chapter 7 Capitalism, State, Nation-States, Surveillance, and Violence
Chapter 8 Colonialism, Imperialism, and Postcolonial Relations
Chapter 9 Globalization, Post-industrialism, and Postmodernity
Chapter 10 Classical and Contemporary Sociologists and Sociological Theories