Preparing the Way: Teaching ELs in the PreK-12 Classroom

Author(s): Jane M Govoni

Edition: 2

Copyright: 2014

Pages: 288


Details: Electronic Delivery EBOOK | 180 days |

Experts in the field of second language acquisition (SLA) collaboratively provide a resource for pre-service and in-service teachers to meet the needs of English learners (ELs) in the PreK-12 classroom. Chapters are aligned to the five ESOL (English to Speakers of Other Languages) domains of culture, applied linguistics, methods, curriculum, and assessment. The readings are simple, but comprehensive, to support district trainings and teacher preparation programs. Readers are presented with the legal foundation of ESOL, ways to foster one’s own cultural awareness, an understanding of the English language and its subsystems, SLA theories and their application to the classroom, connections to literacy instruction, and ways to modify lessons and adapt assessments to meet the needs of students from diverse backgrounds. Practical, hands-on activities provide the skills and knowledge to demonstrate ways to effectively teach and manage all students at varying levels of proficiency in English. Links for further discussion and research are provided along with tasks and assignments aligned to each of the five ESOL domains. New to this edition are rubrics for trainers and educators.


About the Authors


Introduction: Educational Policies and Practices

ESOL Foundations

Chapter 1 Understanding the Implications of the Florida Consent Decree

Gloria M. Artecona-Pelaez


The EICM Model

Extended Thinking and Synthesis Questions

Chapter 2 Using Proficiency Testing to Improve Instruction: WiDA and CELLA

Florin M. Mihai and N. Eleni Pappamihiel

KWL Activity

Proficiency Testing

Stages of Second Language Acquisition: A Foundation for the WIDA Standards
The WIDA Standards and Language Proficiency Levels

The Comprehensive English Language Learning Assessment (CELLA)

Extended Thinking and Synthesis Questions

PART ONE: Culture (Cross Cultural Communications)


Probable Passage Activity

Chapter 3 Transforming Challenges into opportunities: Becoming a Culturally

Proficient Educator

Samuel S. Perkins


Surface and Deep Elements of Culture

Characteristics of Culture

Culture and Learning Styles

Cultural Pluralism

Multicultural Education

Culturally-Relevant Teaching

Cultural Proficiency

Think-Pair-Share Activity

Extended Thinking and Synthesis Questions

KWL Activity

Chapter 4 Embracing Cultural Diversity: implications for the Classroom

Allene Grognet

Exclusion Brainstorming Activity


American Culture


Cultural Implications for the Classroom

Double Entry Journal

Extended Thinking and Synthesis Questions

PART TWO: Language and Literacy (Applied linguistics)


Anticipation Guide

Chapter 5 The Fundamentals of Applied linguistics: Communication through Language

Elizabeth Platt


Phones, Allophones, and Phonemes

Systematicity of English Consonants

Minimal Pairs: listening and speaking

The Systematicity of English Vowels


Phonology and Second Language (L2) Learning


Classification of Morphemes

Derivational Morphemes

Roots and Stems

Inflectional Morphemes

Developmental Phenomena in L2 Learning

Problems in English Verb Morphology


Theoretical Issues with Syntax

Lexical and Functional Categories

Universals in Word ordering


Order of Elements in Phrases

Prescriptive Grammar Rules


What It Means to Mean: Do Words Contain Meaning?

Denotation and Connotation

Semantic Relations


Semantic Relations: Meaning Beyond Word Level



The Scope of Pragmatics

Dialects and Bilingualism

Child Language Socialization

Language Functions (Speech Acts)


Cross-Cultural Discourse Practices in Writing

Language Acquisition/Learning and Teaching
Language Experience Approach (LEA)

Extended Thinking and Synthesis Questions

Chapter 6 Analyzing Theories of Second Language Learning

Elizabeth Platt, María Beatriz Mendoza, and Teresa Lucas

Previewing Activity

Three Approaches to Language Development

Research in the SCT Framework

Story Mapping

Extended Thinking and Synthesis Questions

Chapter 7 Applying Literacy Strategies for Els in the Classroom

Valerie Wright


Linda Evans

Talking Drawings Activity

Common Core Standards

Text Complexity

Matching Readers to the Text

Close Readings

Critical Reading Skills for ELs

Guiding Readers through Texts

Interactive Strategy Guide

Reciprocal Teaching Discussion Guide

Word Study

Word Study Strategies

Word Collections

Picture/Word Sorting

Spelling in Parts (SIP)

Vocabulary Strategies

Preview-Predict-Confirm strategy

Focused Discussions

Word Walls for Individual Books or Chapters

Vocabulary Mapping

Vocabulary Prediction/Confirmation

Comprehension Strategies

Pre-Reading Strategies

Talking Drawings

Anticipation Guides


Probable Passage

Tea Party

During Reading Strategies

Read to Find out



Post-Reading Strategies

Double-Entry Journal


Response to Intervention (RtI)

Application of RtI to Els

PART THREE: Methods of Teaching ESOL


Teach the Text Backward Activity
Chapter  8 Maximizing Learning in an ESOL-Infused Classroom: Instructional Dynamics and Management

Gloria T. Poole


Traditional vs. Today’s Classroom

Standards: Content and Performance

Perspective of Methods and Strategies for Second Language Learning

A Paradigm Shift toward Current ESOL Approaches

Classroom Schematics that Support Language Acquisition and Learning

PreK and Elementary Classrooms

Intermediate Elementary Classrooms

Secondary Classrooms

Twelve Corollaries of Knowledge, Skills, and Dispositions for an Effective Classroom

Extended Thinking and Synthesis Questions

Chapter  9 Expanding Teacher Knowledge: Using Technology with English Learners

Ruth Ban and Robert Summers

KWL Activity


Differentiated Instruction

Web 2.0

Open Source

iPrep 174

Partnership with Comcast

Story Mapping Activity

Extended Thinking and Synthesis Questions

PART FOUR: ESOL Curriculum and Materials Development


Bilingualism in the Classroom

Oneyda Paneque and Teresa Lucas

Historical Perspective

Benefits of Bilingualism

What This Means for Teachers

Principles of Skill Transfer

Teaching for Transfer

Chapter 10 Making the Connection to Literacy: Bilingual Special Learners

Diane Rodriguez

KWL Activity


Connection with Instruction

Literacy and Bilingual Special Education Learners

Assessment of Bilingual Emergent Learners with Disabilities

Character Frames Activity

Extended Thinking and Synthesis Questions

Chapter 11 Taking off the Wrapper: Identifying and Serving Gifted English Learners

Cindy Lovell


Perceptions and Misconceptions about Gifted Students

Perceptions and Misconceptions about ELs

Underrepresentation of ELs in Gifted Programs

Identifying Gifted ELs
Serving Gifted ELs in the Mainstream Classroom

Extended Thinking and Synthesis Questions


PART FIVE: Assessment (Testing and Evaluation)


Chapter 12 ELs and Content Area Assessment: Large-Scale and Classroom-Based Applications

Florin Mihai and N. Eleni Pappamihiel

Assessment Principles

Types of Assessment

Test Accommodations for ELs: Definition and Examples

Effectiveness of EL Accommodations

Improving the Quality of Large-Scale Assessments for ELs: Policy Recommendations

ELs and Classroom-Based Assessments

Extended Thinking and Synthesis Questions



Jane M Govoni




ISBN 9781465279712

Details Electronic Delivery EBOOK 180 days