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Racial Profiling: Causes and Consequences

Author(s): Wornie Reed, Ronnie A. Dunn

Edition: 1

Copyright: 2011

Pages: 164

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Racial profiling is a phenomenon that has been around for many years…

As of 2007, there had been over 200 court cases involving allegations of racial and ethnic profiling against law enforcement agencies in the United States. Consequently, it is an issue of significant concern.While racial profiling can affect many aspects of the lives of minorities, including Arab and Muslim Americans, Racial Profiling: Causes and Consequences focuses on the "driving while black" (DWB) phenomenon.

Among the most frequently occurring incidences of racial profiling is traffic stops—for minor traffic violations, which often result in vehicle searches for contraband. That is the focus of this book, which includes several studies of traffic stops and assesses traffic stops from several perspectives.

Racial Profiling: Causes and Consequences:

  • Includes a study that analyzes reports from several states on data collected in traffic stops. These data indicate the race of the driver and the disposition of the traffic stop, i.e., race, search, and yield for contraband. This data was examined for evidence of racial discrimination.
  • Features several personal stories of DWB in order to illuminate the pervasiveness of its occurrence.
  • Presents a comprehensive study of traffic ticketing in Cleveland, Ohio. This study integrates research methods used in other studies to provide an enhanced estimate of the driving population within the particular geographic area being studied. 
  • Provides an analysis of the DWB issue from an institutional racism perspective rather than the traditional individual racist police officer paradigm in which the issue is generally discussed. 
  • Highlights the less obvious concomitant socioeconomic and legal ramifications of DWB such as the revocation of one’s driver’s license due to the accumulation of points for moving traffic violations and the various economic costs and hardships that stem from this loss of driving privileges, the possibility of multiple traffic infractions being added to a police record as was the case with Timothy Thomas, the young black man shot to death by Cincinnati police in 2001.

 

Introduction
CHAPTER 1 - DRIVING WHILE BLACK
CHAPTER 2 - RACIAL PROFILING
CHAPTER 3 - A STUDY OF TRAFFIC TICKETING
CHAPTER 4 - RACIAL PROFILING ACROSS THE STATES: LEGISLATION, PRACTICES, AND RESULTS
CHAPTER 5 - TRAFFIC VIOLATOR SURVEYS
CHAPTER 6 - INSTITUTIONAL PRACTICES AND INSTITUTIONAL RACISM
CHAPTER 7 - CONSEQUENCES OF RACIAL PROFILING
CHAPTER 8 - EPILOGUE: A JOURNEY FROM RESEARCH STUDY TO PUBLIC POLICY
Conclusion
Bibliography
About the Authors
Index

Wornie Reed

Wornie Reed, Ph. D., is professor of sociology and Africana studies and director of the Center for Race and Social Policy Research at Virginia Tech University. He teaches courses in health and medical care, criminal justice, and Africana studies. Among the other books he has written or edited are The Education of African Americans (C. Willie, A. Garabaldi, and W. Reed, eds., 1991), Health and Medical Care of African Americans (W. Reed, 1993), African Americans: Essential Perspectives (W. Reed, ed., 1993), and Blacks in Tennessee (W. Reed, ed., 2008).

Ronnie A. Dunn

Ronnie A. Dunn, Ph.D., is an associate professor of urban studies at the Maxine Goodman-Levin College of Urban A airs at Cleveland State University. He is an urban sociologist whose teaching and research interests include institutional and structural racism, issues related to minorities and the urban poor, and policing and criminal justice.

Related ISBN's: 9781465221858, 9780757586866

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